The April birthstone diamond, how lucky can you get? Diamonds inspire songs, symbolize love and commitment, represent status, and connect us physically to an ancient past sometimes known only through legends and lore. They feel permanent; decadently linking us to history, and indulging our imaginations with reveries of royalty, movie stars, and bygone warriors.
If You’re Looking For The Perfect Birthday Gift
Ahh yes, diamonds are a girl’s best friend. But for centuries, both men and women have loved and worn them. Professional baseball players have recently made black diamond bead necklaces popular with everyone! Consequently, these black diamond necklaces are sexy sophistication on men and women both. Plus, they make great gifts because of their neutral color that can be worn with everything. So, if you’re simply looking for the perfect birthday gift, this April birthstone diamond strand won’t steer you wrong.
History & Lore
Even before people began cutting and polishing diamonds, the natural stones were revered for having strong connections to the mysterious powers of nature and fate. In ancient times, some believed when a lightning bolt struck the earth it formed a diamond.
Believed to be discovered thousands of years ago in India, with records of diamonds being used as currency there dating back to as early as the 4th century BC. There are eight different types of diamonds in Hindu scriptures, in various colors. Almost every culture has myths surrounding diamonds, associating them with strength, purity, power, and the heavens. India is the origin of many of these legends, having the oldest and richest history with the stones.
Adamas, Greek for diamond, means invincible. Therefore, diamonds were known as the Stone of Invincibility. In the belief that it would make them invincible, warriors and knights wore them studded onto their breastplates and armor.
In more recent history, Elizabeth Taylor, considered the most beautiful woman in the world, owned two of the most prestigious diamonds. Richard Burton gifted them both to her. One, the heart-shaped diamond known as the Taj Mahal Diamond. The second, the 69-carat “Burton Taylor Diamond”. In 1969, it sold for $1,050,000. A fantastical amount for that era, equal to approx. $6 million today!
Despite all of the adoration, diamonds didn’t become the traditional stone for engagement rings and wedding bands until more recently. In 1947 a female copywriter at De Beers came up with the slogan “A Diamond is Forever”. Sales skyrocketed, ensuring the diamond would continue to be the most popular stone for wedding rings for years to come.
The April Birthstone, Diamond Today
Today, diamond symbolizes enduring love because of its strength. In addition, to the April birthstone, diamond is associated with the sixtieth and seventy-fifth wedding anniversaries. Plus, they’re the most popular choice for engagement and wedding rings. Mined in South Africa, Botswana, Australia, India, China, Russia, Brazil, the United States, and Canada, to name a few locations.
When we think of diamonds, we generally think of the colorless (or white) ones. These are made of almost pure carbon. However, even minute amounts of other atoms will create colored diamonds. As with other colored gems, the most highly prized colored diamonds have the most intense colors. Referred to as Fancy Color diamonds, these too can also come with certifications just like colorless diamonds.
Be aware as well, some diamonds are not naturally colored but have been treated. Consequently, there is a big price difference for natural colored diamonds versus the treated ones. Make sure you’re working with a reputable jeweler, who will be able to tell you if a colored diamond is natural. Fancy Color varieties include:
- yellow, red, orange, pink, blue, green, black, brown and various combinations of these colors.
In addition, you’ll find some very descriptive names for different shades of these colors and color combinations:
- canary, turquoise, champagne, cognac, chocolate, etc.
What’s the 4-Cs of Diamond Grading?
- Cut – an extremely important factor in how much your diamond sparkles.
- Clarity – absence or presence of inclusions. Flawless (the best), VVS- Very Very Slightly included, VS, SI, I1, I2, I3- very heavily included.
- Color – absence of color is most favored in colorless diamonds. Grade D is the best and Z the worst.
- Carat weight – how big the diamond is. The price of a diamond exponentially increases as it gets bigger. Therefore, you’re likely to get a better value on a .98 ct. diamond than a 1.0 ct. diamond.
So, do you love the April birthstone diamond? Or need some advice purchasing one? Come see a variety of different real-life examples at Copeland Jewelers. For over 30 years we’ve been counseling Austinites on the 4-Cs of diamond grading. We can help you with your diamond needs. Our knowledgeable staff is here to assist, whether you’re purchasing a diamond or have your own that needs to be set.
The Hardest of All Gemstones
Diamonds are the hardest substance known to man. Four times harder than the next hardest gems, sapphires and rubies. They can scratch any other substance. But, they can only be scratched by a another diamond. A cousin of graphite, whose carbon atoms are arranged in sheets that slide past each other with little resistance. However, the arrangement of carbon atoms in diamonds are in a tight network that’s secured in four different directions. For this reason, diamonds are extremely hard.
Formed around a hundred miles beneath the earth’s surface under incredible amounts of pressure and at temperatures nearing three thousand degrees. Via volcanic eruptions, they reach the surface coming out in a type of rock called kimberlite.
Sometimes diamonds are found by mining and processing kimberlite. Or, as in ancient India, in alluvial deposits. Where over time, natural elements expose it from its host rock, ending up in waterways and glaciers. And rarely, meteorites fall to earth containing tiny diamonds
The Life of 4 of The Most Famous Diamonds
Koh-i-noor Diamond –
The most expensive diamond in the world. Because of its antiquity and provenance, it’s not hardly possible to evaluate Koh-i-noor. Therefore, it’s considered priceless. A huge diamond with an ancient and storied past, originating in India. Koh-i-noor, originally a whopping 793 carats, means “mountain of light” in Persian.
Revered since Ancient times, it’s been said that the owner of this diamond is the owner of the world. Therefore, through families, war, and deceit, it has passed through various Indian Rulers, numerous kings and other world empires. A highly prized diamond and icon for centuries.
- Possibly listed amongst the treasures of Aladdin in the 1304 memoirs of Mogul Empire leader Barbur. Won during battle.
- Around 1526, a botched cutting job reduces the Koh-i-noor from 793 carats to 186.
- In the 1600s, its one of the two largest stones encrusting the astounding Peacock Throne. A throne more costly than the Taj Mahal!
- 1850s, while the British imprisoned his mother, India’s new 12-year old Maharaja, controversially “gifts” the Koh-i-noor diamond and the Timur ruby to Queen Victoria. Two years later, the perfectly colorless gem reveals new brilliance with an updated cut to its current weight of 105.6 carats. Sacrificing almost half its carat weight. Queen Victoria wore it in a brooch almost all the time.
- 1937, it was set in the British Royal Crown, where it still lives today in the Tower of London.
- Today, India asks this gem be re-gifted back to them by the Brits. As reparation for their colonial history in India. India desires a harmonious resolution, calling it a “valued piece of art with strong roots in our nation’s history”.
The Sancy Diamond –
A stunning pale yellow diamond of 55.23 carats and considered to be another priceless diamond. Also originating from India. Because this was the first diamond to be faceted symmetrically it is considered historically significant. On top of that, it has no pavilion and only a pair of crowns. Its current name comes from its first French owner, Nicolas de Harlay, seigneur de Sancy. Since then, this stone’s past has been surrounded by many “lives of the rich and famous”.
- Henry IV used the diamond to finance his army when it even had to be retrieved from a dead messenger’s stomach.
- About 1605 James I used them in the Mirror of Great Britain, to commemorate his union of the Crowns of England and Scotland.
- It’s been pawned at least twice! In 1625 by the ill-fated king, and then reclaimed. And again in 1654, when it became part of the French Crown Jewels.
- It was stolen from the Royal Treasury during the French Revolution, along with the Hope diamond.
- Not seen again until the 1800s, purchased by Prince Demidoff of Russia. Then back again to an India Prince, but sold a year later. Finally, it’s purchased anonymously at the Paris Expedition in 1867.
- 1906 is when William Waldorf Astor, purchases the diamond as a wedding gift for Lady Astor. The famous philanthropic family would even loan it for display to the Louvre. The museum was sold the gem in 1978, where it is is now kept in the French Crown Jewel collection.
The Cullinan Diamond –
An outstanding stone weighing an incredible 3,106.75 carats or 1 1/3 pounds! In addition, it is the largest rough, gem quality diamond ever found. Fantastically, the rough was cut into nine large diamonds and several smaller ones. Including two of the world’s largest, Cullinan I at 530.4 carats and Cullinan II at 317.4 carats. Also known as the First Star of Africa and the Second or Little Star of Africa.
The Hope Diamond –
Of course most of us know this famous deep blue Hope diamond. It currently weighs 45.52 carats. Plus, a completely unique trait among diamonds, this famous stone glows with deep red phosphorescence under ultraviolet light. Because it is irreplaceable, the Hope Diamond is deemed priceless. However, it is supposedly insured for over $300 million. Also originating from India.
Diamonds are often used in place of eyes on statues of Hindu deities. Some claim the famous Hope Diamond was used as the third eye on a South Indian deity of Lord Shiva, until it was stolen. Sanskrit texts describe diamonds with the impressive blue hue of the Hope Diamond carrying a powerful curse. It is debated whether the various owners of the Hope Diamond have been cursed over the years.
Records show its first European owner, Tavernier, acquired the diamond sometime in the mid-1600s.
From there, it’s had several names and passed through multiple owners, including King Louis XIV and of course, the Hope family. Finally, in 1958, Harry Winston donated the Hope diamond to the Smithsonian Institute. To this day, it remains their most popular display.
Associated with the astrological signs of Aries, Leo and Taurus. Believed to activate the crown chakra enabling one to connect your intellect to higher knowledge. Said to remove voids from your aura filling it with purity. The April birthstone, diamond, inspires inventiveness, imagination and creativity. In addition, it helps manifest abundance in all areas of life, instills trust to relationships, confidence and fidelity. Diamond has been called the Stone of Innocence, bringing out purity, and one’s child-like loving and open nature. In addition, it’s the Stone of Invincibility, known for protection and maintaining energy. And, as the King of Crystals, it’s believed to help enhance the powers of other minerals.